Weil die sozialistische Journalistin Rosa Luxemburg (Barbara Sukowa) Der Film „Rosa Luxemburg” ist die Biographie einer sozialistischen Kämpferin. Rosa Luxemburg erhielt im Jahr den Deutschen Filmpreis für den Besten Film, Barbara Sukowa bekam für ihre eindrucksvolle Leistung das Filmband in. Rosa Luxemburg (BRD , fa, min); Drehbuch und Regie: Margarethe von Trotta; Darsteller: Barbara Sukowa, Otto Sander, Daniel Olbrychski, Jürgen.
Rosa Luxemburg (Film)In opulenten Bildern erzählt die Filmemacherin Margarethe von Trotta die bewegte Lebensgeschichte der kämpferischen Sozialistin Rosa Luxemburg, die Rosa Luxemburg (BRD , fa, min); Drehbuch und Regie: Margarethe von Trotta; Darsteller: Barbara Sukowa, Otto Sander, Daniel Olbrychski, Jürgen. ROSA LUXEMBURG erhielt im Jahr den Deutschen Filmpreis für den Besten Film, Barbara Sukowa bekam für ihre eindrucksvolle Leistung das Filmband.
Rosa Luxemburg Film Navigation menu VideoROSA LUXEMBURG Trailer Deutsch - Neu restauriert in 4K ab Januar 2019 wieder im Kino! The film, which stars Barbara Sukowa as Luxemburg, was the winner of the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival. In , the Quebec painter Jean-Paul Riopelle realized a fresco composed of thirty paintings entitled Tribute to Rosa Luxemburg. Synopsis Polish socialist and Marxist Rosa Luxemburg works tirelessly in the service of revolution in early 20th century Poland and Germany. While Luxemburg campaigns for her beliefs, she is repeatedly imprisoned as she forms the Spartacist League offering a new vision for Germany. The historical Rosa Luxemburg was short (about five feet, cm), had dark brown eyes and a pudgy face. In this film, she is played by Barbara Sukowa who is much taller (5 foot 5, cm), has gray-green eyes and sharp features. Rosa Luxemburg is a West German drama film directed by Margarethe von Trotta. The film received the German Film Award for Best Feature Film (Bester Spielfilm), and Barbara Sukowa won the Cannes Film Festival's Best Actress Award and the German Film Award for Best Actress for her performance as Rosa Luxemburg. The film won awards in Berlin and Cannes, two for Barbara Sukowa in the title role. Rosa spent most of the First World War in a German prison for making anti-war speeches. In Reform and Revolution she argued publicly with Lenin.
Mary Jo werden Rosa Luxemburg Film und Vince Zeuge, Rosa Luxemburg Film sie glauben soll. - Cast & CrewKerstin Georgi. 5/1/ · There's no way Margarethe von Trotta's seriously conceived new film, ''Rosa Luxemburg,'' which opens today at the Lincoln Plaza 3, can set the record straight on this complex woman. Rosa Luxemburg (Barbara Sukowa) zakládá v roce s Karlem Liebknechtem (Otto Sander),,Spartakusbund´´ (spartakovci), z kterého vzniká roku Komunistická strana Německa. Tento film o Rose Luxemburgové natočený v polovině let v západoněmecko-československé koprodukci funguje tam, kde o 14 let starší 59%(15). Social democrat Rosa Luxemburg faces a mock execution. Tagged under: Revolution Socialism Film World War I Germany Revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg. Tsokos realized that DNA testing was the best way to confirm or deny the identity of the body as Luxemburg's. The Nation. Retrieved 18 May While being critical of the politics of the BolsheviksLuxemburg saw the behaviour of the social democratic Second International as a Livestream Georgien Deutschland betrayal of socialism. You ask: "What is it all for? Edit Did You Know? Like Liebknecht, Luxemburg supported the violent putsch attempt. As a result, Hinter Gittern Der Frauenknast Stream and Liebknecht were imprisoned in June for two and a half years. Milan Vlcek. Mit immenser Leidenschaft entfaltet Barbara Sukowa die Personlichkeit der Rosa Luxemburg. Produzent Eberhard Junkersdorf. Musik Nicolas Economou.
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Scene from Rosa Luxemburg, I was, I am, I shall be. Tagged under: Revolution Socialism Film World War I Germany Revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg.
They wrote illegal anti-war pamphlets pseudonymously signed Spartacus after the slave-liberating Thracian gladiator who opposed the Romans. Luxemburg's pseudonym was Junius, after Lucius Junius Brutus , founder of the Roman Republic.
The Spartacus League vehemently rejected the SPD's support in the Reichstag for funding the war , and sought to lead Germany's proletariat towards an anti-war general strike.
As a result, Luxemburg and Liebknecht were imprisoned in June for two and a half years. Friends smuggled out and illegally published her articles.
Among them was The Russian Revolution , criticising the Bolsheviks , presciently warning of their dictatorship. Nonetheless, she continued to call for a " dictatorship of the proletariat ", albeit not of the one party Bolshevik model.
In that context, she wrote the words "Freiheit ist immer die Freiheit des Andersdenkenden " "Freedom is always the freedom of the one who thinks differently" and continues in the same chapter: "The public life of countries with limited freedom is so poverty-stricken, so miserable, so rigid, so unfruitful, precisely because, through the exclusion of democracy, it cuts off the living sources of all spiritual riches and progress".
In , the Spartacus League was affiliated with the Independent Social Democratic Party USPD , founded by Hugo Haase and made up of anti-war former SPD members.
In November , the USPD and the SPD assumed power in the new republic upon the abdication of Emperor Wilhelm II. This followed the German Revolution that began with the Kiel mutiny , when workers' and soldiers' councils seized most of Germany to put an end to World War I and to the monarchy.
The USPD and most of the SPD members supported the councils while the SPD leaders feared this could lead to a Räterepublik council republic like the soviets of the Russian Revolutions of and Luxemburg was freed from prison in Breslau on 8 November , three days before the armistice of 11 November One day later, Karl Liebknecht, who had also been freed from prison, proclaimed the Free Socialist Republic Freie Sozialistische Republik in Berlin.
From 29 to 31 December , they took part in a joint congress of the League, independent socialists and the International Communists of Germany IKD that led to the foundation on 1 January of the Communist Party of Germany KPD under the leadership of Liebknecht and Luxemburg.
Luxemburg supported the new KPD's participation in the Weimar National Assembly that founded the Weimar Republic , but she was out-voted and the KPD boycotted the elections.
In January , a second revolutionary wave swept Berlin. On New Year's Day, Luxemburg declared: . Today we can seriously set about destroying capitalism once and for all.
Nay, more; not merely are we today in a position to perform this task, nor merely is its performance a duty toward the proletariat, but our solution offers the only means of saving human society from destruction.
Like Liebknecht, Luxemburg supported the violent putsch attempt. In response to the uprising, German Chancellor and SPD leader Friedrich Ebert ordered the Freikorps to destroy the left-wing revolution, which was crushed by 11 January Luxemburg was knocked down with a rifle butt by the soldier Otto Runge, then shot in the head, either by Lieutenant Kurt Vogel or by Lieutenant Hermann Souchon.
Her body was flung into Berlin's Landwehr Canal. The murder of Luxemburg and Liebknecht inspired a new wave of violence in Berlin and across Germany.
Thousands of members of the KPD as well as other revolutionaries and civilians were killed. Finally, the People's Navy Division Volksmarinedivision and workers' and soldiers' councils which had moved to the political left disbanded.
Luxemburg was held in high regard by Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky , who recognised her revolutionary credentials at the Third International.
The last part of the German Revolution saw many instances of armed violence and strikes throughout Germany. Significant strikes occurred in Berlin, the Bremen Soviet Republic, Saxony , Saxe-Gotha , Hamburg , the Rhinelands and the Ruhr region.
Last to strike was the Bavarian Soviet Republic which was suppressed on 2 May However, Vogel escaped after a brief custody.
Pabst and Souchon went unpunished. In an interview with German news magazine Der Spiegel in and again in his memoirs, Pabst maintained that two leaders of the SPD, Defence Minister Gustav Noske and Chancellor Friedrich Ebert, had approved of his actions.
His account has been neither confirmed nor denied since the case has not been examined by parliament or the courts. In , Gietinger's research on his access to the previously restricted papers of Pabst, held at the Federal Military Archives, found him as central to the planning of the murder of Luxemburg and the protection of those involved.
Luxemburg and Liebknecht were buried at the Friedrichsfelde Central Cemetery in Berlin, where socialists and communists commemorate them yearly on the second Sunday of January.
Luxemburg professed a commitment to democracy and the necessity of revolution. Luxemburg's idea of democracy which Stanley Aronowitz calls " generalized democracy in an unarticulated form" represents Luxemburg's greatest break with "mainstream communism" since it effectively diminishes the role of the communist party , but it is in fact very similar to the views of Karl Marx "The emancipation of the working classes must be conquered by the working classes themselves".
According to Aronowitz, the vagueness of Luxemburgian democracy is one reason for its initial difficulty in gaining widespread support.
Luxemburg herself clarified her position on democracy in her writings regarding the Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union.
Early on, Luxemburg attacked undemocratic tendencies present in the Russian Revolution: . Without general elections, without unrestricted freedom of press and assembly, without a free struggle of opinion, life dies out in every public institution, becomes a mere semblance of life, in which only the bureaucracy remains as the active element.
Public life gradually falls asleep, a few dozen party leaders of inexhaustible energy and boundless experience direct and rule. Yes, we can go even further: such conditions must inevitably cause a brutalization of public life: attempted assassinations, shooting of hostages, etc.
Lenin's speech on discipline and corruption. Luxemburg also insisted on socialist democracy: . Freedom only for the supporters of the government, only for the members of one party — however numerous they may be — is no freedom at all.
Freedom is always and exclusively freedom for the one who thinks differently. Not because of any fanatical concept of "justice" but because all that is instructive, wholesome and purifying in political freedom depends on this essential characteristic, and its effectiveness vanishes when "freedom" becomes a special privilege.
Socialist democracy begins simultaneously with the beginnings of the destruction of class rule and of the construction of socialism.
While being critical of the politics of the Bolsheviks , Luxemburg saw the behaviour of the social democratic Second International as a complete betrayal of socialism.
As she saw it at the outset of the First World War , the social democratic parties around the world betrayed the world's working class by supporting their own individual bourgeoisies in the war.
This included her own Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD , the majority of whose delegates in the Reichstag voted for war credits.
Luxemburg opposed the sending of the working class youth of each country to what she viewed as slaughter in a war over which of the national bourgeoisies would control world resources and markets.
She broke from the Second International, viewing it as nothing more than an opportunist party that was doing administrative work for the capitalists.
Along with Karl Liebknecht , Luxemburg organized a strong movement in Germany with these views, but she was imprisoned and after her release killed for her work during the failed German Revolution of , a revolution which the SPD violently opposed.
The Accumulation of Capital was the only work Luxemburg published on economics during her lifetime. In the polemic, she argued that capitalism needs to constantly expand into non-capitalist areas in order to access new supply sources, markets for surplus value and reservoirs of labor.
According to Luxemburg, capitalists sought to realize profits through offloading surplus commodities onto non-capitalist economies, hence the phenomenon of imperialism as capitalist states sought to dominate weaker economies.
However, this was leading to the destruction of non-capitalist economies as they were increasingly absorbed into the capitalist system.
With the destruction of non-capitalist economies, there would be no more markets to offload surplus commodities onto and capitalism would break down.
The Accumulation of Capital was harshly criticized by both Marxist and non-Marxist economists on the grounds that her logic was circular in proclaiming the impossibility of realizing profits in a close-capitalist system and that her underconsumptionist theory was too crude.
The Dialectic of Spontaneity and Organisation was the central feature of Luxemburg's political philosophy, wherein spontaneity is a grassroots approach to organising a party-oriented class struggle.
She argued that spontaneity and organisation, are not separable or separate activities, but different moments of one political process as one does not exist without the other.
These beliefs arose from her view that class struggle evolves from an elementary, spontaneous state to a higher level: . The working classes in every country only learn to fight in the course of their struggles.
Social democracy seeks and finds the ways, and particular slogans, of the workers' struggle only in the course of the development of this struggle, and gains directions for the way forward through this struggle alone.
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Even Elzbieta Ettinger, the author of a new biography ''Rosa Luxemburg,'' published by Beacon Press , admits the impossibility of telling the entire story.
Miss von Trotta's film, with a fine, soberly intelligent performance by Barbara Sukowa the seductive star of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's ''Lola'' , is a first-rate introduction to an extremely complicated personality.
It's necessarily simplified, as well as biased on behalf of those aspects of Luxemburg that will speak most clearly to today's audiences. The movie concentrates on her abhorrence of violence, though her own Spartacists were not exactly nonviolent.
It dramatizes her pacifism and her break with the German Social Democrats when, at the start of the war, they embraced the Kaiser's militarism, thus abandoning the concept of the international brotherhood of the proletariat.
In she suggested a new ending for ''The Communist Manifesto'': ''Workers of all countries unite in peacetime, but in war - slit one another's throats!
Leo Jogiches, her first and greatest love a fiery revolutionary who answered her passionate letters with political tracts , is played by the excellent Polish actor Daniel Olbrychski as a handsome, dimly seen weakling.
The other men are ciphers. The film is, surprisingly, most effective when Luxemburg is alone, either in one of her many prison cells, with her thoughts being heard on the soundtrack, or speaking on the political platform.
Twenty years earlier, Rosa's political gifts are acknowledged by everyone, as she struggles for democratic government in Germany and revolution in Poland.
There she works closely with Leo Jogiches. Their political activity creates some difficulty for their personal relationship - As international tensions rise, Rosa makes speeches denouncing war and militarism.
She seems too radical for her fellow Socialists. She meets Karl Liebknecht. When World War I begins, Rosa and Karl are united in opposition.
Written by David Carless. Sukowa and D. Olbrychski The Drum play the famous german revolutionaries, that wanted to shape another germany after the Kaiser's empire and the German Republic of Weimar.
Many resistances have been shaped out clearly by directrice Lady von Trotta. So she is in great tradition of West-german-historical-movie like W.
Her stars are very capable: Daniel Olbrychski and Hannes Jaenicke. Intellectual, fevering and never boring.
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